|The EuropeanCollege of Zoological Medicine (ECZM) evolved from the European College of Avian Medicine and Surgery (ECAMS), which was founded in August 1993. The ECAMS was an initiative of the European Committee of the Association of Avian Veterinarians, which in turn resulted from initiatives in the late eighties/early nineties in Europe and other non-European countries (i.e. USA, Australia, Israel) in response to a growing demand for better avian medical and surgical services for birds through specialization, and a need to harmonize certification in this area. The avian specialty received full recognition by EBVS in 1995.
Avian medicine, the state of the art medical treatment and care of avian species, other than the traditional (commercial/farmed) poultry, is a distinct specialized field of veterinary medicine. Diplomates in avian medicine and surgery work primarily as clinicians who are concerned with all aspects of diagnosis and management of diseases of birds other than poultry (i.e. companion birds, ornamental birds, zoo birds, racing pigeons, birds kept for falconry, free-range birds, ratites). The primary objectives of the speciality are to advance avian medicine in Europeand increase the competency of those who practice in this field.